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Things you will need for your new puppy

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COLLAR


A collar (medium sized) and a regular walking leash, I wouldn’t spend much on the first collar as they will outgrow it pretty quickly. Long training leashes are nice also when you’re training your puppy. It allows them to chase a ball but still lets you control them until you are sure they will come back to you. It is not a necessity but is nice to have.

NAIL CARE


Regular nail clippers for the first few months then you will need heavy duty dog clippers, if you want to use the grinding tool that is fine but it is much easier to cut the claw first then grind them smooth rather than trying to grind down a whole claw which they will not want to sit still for. Keep your puppy clippers separate from your human ones as clippers are a great way to pass infections around. I use baking soda made into a paste with water if I cut a quick and need to stop the bleeding.
Puppy’s nails are very sharp and they like to jump and play and they can scratch you and the kid’s pretty well if you don’t keep them trimmed. I trim them every 2 weeks here while they are nursing but as they get older you can cut back to once every couple of months. The more often you trim the easier it is as the quick will recede back when you trim, making it less likely for you to cut into the quick. I can show you how to do this before you leave here if you ask me.


PUPPY SHAMPOO


A good tearless puppy shampoo, a good ear cleanser and some square gauze pads. A simple brush and/or slicker brush are all you will need the first few months. Brush them often to help them get used to it. Most of them love to be brushed and it’s a great way to bond with your new pup. If you can afford a Furminator they work great but they are pricey. I use a rake the most on my dogs followed by a regular brush. The slicker brushes work best around the ears, face and tail and are good for removing stickers that get caught in the coat. None of them like to get their tail brushed! If you use a downward brush towards the floor and don’t try to drag the brush down the tail they will tolerate it a bit longer.


EAR CARE


Ear care is very important for a golden as they are prone to ear infection. After you squeeze the cleaner in the ear take a large square of gauze and wrap it around your finger. Put your finger all the way into the ear and turn it to clean them out. Dogs have very long ear canals and you don’t have to worry that you will hit the ear drum. Clean the outside area also. If your dog goes swimming be sure to clean the ears afterwards and dry them out. I use Epi-Otic on my dogs most of the time because they swim in my pond every day.


CRATE


A good crate. I highly suggest you crate train your puppy. Dogs are den animals and it is natural for them to want a small place that makes them feel safe. I don’t have my crates inside my house but all my dogs use them when they are outside on the porch or in a pen. Inside mine use my desk and the backside of the recliner. Even if you don’t think you want to crate train you may need one at various times throughout the dog’s life. If they are already comfortable with one it is much easier on you if you have to put them in one. Crate training is safer for the puppy and safer for all your stuff! You can take them out when you know you’re going have the time to watch them closely and keep them safe. It is also an easier way to house train them. Take them out of the crate and they will need to go outside and potty. They do not like to mess where they sleep. Never force a puppy into the crate, you want them to like it so go slow and use toys and treats to help get them comfortable going into it. You can also play with the puppy while the door is open so they associate it with fun. You will need a large crate when the puppy is full grown but you can block the back end of it off while it is small, rather than buying crates to fit as they grow. A cardboard box works well, just use it to block the backside and as they grow cut some off, giving them a little more space until they grow into it. You don’t want the puppy to have too much room in the crate, only enough to sleep comfortably in. If they have too much room they may decide they have enough room to potty in one end and sleep in the other. The puppies sleep in crates here but I never lock them in it. I do lock them into pens and into my whelping area inside the house so they know if they whine it’s not going to do them much good here, well not always anyway! A litter can get pretty noisy when they all cry at the same time. How long can a puppy stay in a crate? A good rule of thumb is one hour for every month old they are plus one. Sometimes they will sleep much longer than this and if you hold water back a few hours before bedtime they will sleep longer.


FLEA AND TICK PREVENTION


Flea and tick drops when they are 8 weeks old. If you don’t have ticks Frontline works well. If you have ticks they have become immune to it and now we have to use Certifect. We have ticks very bad here and it’s important to keep them off the dogs as they can carry deadly diseases.


HEART WORMER


Heart wormer should be started at 8 weeks also and given every month for life. These now kill other worms also so it’s a great way of keeping them dewormed. I use Interceptor most of the time and I will switch out and give mine Iverhart Max every few months. The reason I switch is that they each kill different worms. Interceptor does not kill tape worms which my dogs get often from eating mice and voles. The Iverhart Max doesn’t kill whipworms, but they both kill hook, round and heartworms. So switching off every few months is an easy way to get them all.


TOYS


Toys! Balls, balls, and balls you can never have too many balls for a Golden! I buy tennis balls by the bag full and they disappear pretty quickly around here. Frisbees are great but be careful of hard plastic as it can break your dog’s teeth off. The soft rubber ones last a long time and I did have a cloth one with a ball in the center that I loved until Spike moved back here and chewed it to pieces. He is still a puppy! Kong or other rubber toys are great and last forever. You can put treats in them or fill them with cheese or peanut butter and keep them busy for a while (good for stopping whining in the crate). Stuffed toys are great for puppies under supervision only. They love to sink their teeth into a soft stuffed animal and it’s wonderful while they are teething, but if they pull the stuffing out they could eat it and stop up their intestines, so watch them closely and if the toy rips take it away. Keep toys on the soft side while they are teething as hard things can damage their teeth and jaws. Tug of war is fine but be careful again while they are small as the teeth and jaws are still growing. Never pull hard on an item to get it away from a small puppy. Squeeze the jaw and insert your finger into the side of their mouth to remove anything you don’t want them to have, like your shoe or sock ?. If you give the puppy old shoes and clothes to play with they will keep playing with your new shoes and cloths because they do not know the difference.


TREATS


Treats. Beware of rawhide. This can get stuck in a dogs intestines also and must be surgically removed as can cooked bones which splinter and get lodged in them. If you want to give them rawhide watch them and take it away when it is soft enough for them to swallow. I just don’t give them to my dogs at all. I get large bones from a meat butcher and cow hooves from the feed store. These are both great things for adult dogs to chew on but are too hard for your puppy’s new teeth. Stick with softer treats until your puppy has all their adult teeth in at around 9 months old. You can give dental sticks that will clean the tarter and plaque off until then or brush them with a soft finger brush.
For training you can cook any meat and make very small pieces of it, I use liver and chicken. Only give them a very small taste of it when they have done a command correctly.


SPRAY BOTTLE


You can also use a spray bottle with 1 part vinegar and 10 parts water for training. A spritz of this in the face will let them know they have done something wrong and they learn quickly this way.


STAIN AND OROR REMOVER


I use OUT for removing odor if a puppy has an accident. I use this also when I am training them so they will not to go in a certain area to potty. It removes all the smell and keeps them from going back to the same spot. They have very good noses and if you don't use a spray like this they will smell it even though you can’t and go right back to do it again even on a hard surface. This is just the brand I use but I am sure there are many out there that work just as well if you can’t find it.

TREATING DIARRIAH

Changing homes, long car rides, or airplane rides can cause your puppies tummy to get upset. Be sure to have a can of non-spiced pumpkin on hand. Use 1 Tablespoon of plain non spiced pumpkin to calm your puppies stomach and help relive diarriah. This will also work with Adult dogs as well.